Links and Other Resources: Reports/Research

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Occupational Injuries and Deaths Among Younger Workers (US, 1998—2007)

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: April 23, 2010 This article includes fatal and nonfatal data for workers 15 to 24 years of age, with data reported specifically for workers 15 to 17 years of age. The article includes trend analyses as well as data on worker characteristics and events leading to injury and death.

Institute for Work and Health

Notable Scientific Reports

Systematic review of risk factors for injury among youth, 2006
Factors associated with occupational disease among young people, 2006
Bridging the Safety Gap for Vulnerable Young Workers Using Employment Centres, 2009

The Institute is primarily funded by Workplace Safety and Insurance Board of Ontario. Conducts research on primary prevention and interventions in the workplace.

Institute of Medicine

Protecting Youth at Work: Health, Safety and Development of Working Children and Adolescents in the United States

The committee presents a wide range of data, analysis, and specific recommendations on: the scope of youth employment; factors that put children and adolescents at risk in the workplace; and the effects of employment on health, educational attainment and lifestyle choices.

Massachusetts Department of Public Health

Protecting Working Teens: A Public Health Resource Guide (2011)

This resource guide provides background information on injuries to teen workers and suggests ways to develop prevention strategies. The guide also contains resources for prevention, including work injury data sources, agencies and organizations, selected readings, and a summary on federal child labor laws.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Young Drivers in the Workplace: How Employers and Parents Can Help Keep Them Safe on the Road  (2017)

This factsheet gives information on workplace driving laws that are important to follow so that young drivers may gain work experience under the safest conditions possible. It also provides recommendations on how to promote safe driving and prevent motor vehicle crashes among young workers who drive as part of their job.

Youth Fatality Reports (2014)

Fatality Assessment Control and Evaluation (FACE) program investigates reports of Young Worker Fatalities under the age of 18.

Health and Safety of Young Workers: Proceedings of a U.S. and Canadian Series of Symposia (2013)

This document is a compilation of white papers (or subsequently published articles) that were developed through a series of symposia (from 2007 to 2010) co-funded by NIOSH and the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation. The symposia brought together scholars from the U.S. and Canada to consider the implications of youth employment, and to make recommendations for youth employment given its complex relationships with other components of youth development.

Working Together for Safety — A State Team Approach to Preventing Occupational Injuries in Young People (2005)

Contains two case studies that demonstrate the value of the State team approach to fostering safe and healthful youth employment, and also describes the experiences and activities of State teams in the Northeast; the products developed by the teams, and key resources for other States interested in creating their own State teams.

NIOSH Alert: Preventing Deaths, Injuries and Illnesses of Young Workers (2003)

Summarizes data on young worker injuries and illnesses, provides case reports, and makes recommendations for prevention measures that can be taken by young workers, employers, educators and parents.

Promoting Safe Work for Young Workers: A Community-based ApproacH (1999) 

The guide provides summaries of three NIOSH-funded projects, and lists steps in coordinating a community-based Young Workers Project. Detailed guidance is given for working with schools, employers, parents, health care providers, job training programs, and teen peer education programs.

Child labor research needs: Recommendations from the NIOSH child labor working team (1997)

NIOSH’s Child Labor Working Team identified child labor research needs and recommended interagency collaborations to conduct such research.

U.S. Department of Labor

Occupational Outlook Handbook (2014)

Describes hundreds of occupations, including the training needed, working conditions, pay ranges, and overall outlook.

Report on the Youth Labor Force (2000)

Provides a detailed look at youth labor in this country, including how it differs among major demographic groups, between agricultural and nonagricultural sectors, and overtime. Includes information on child labor laws, occupational injuries. and fatalities.

U.S. General Accounting Office

Labor Can Strengthen its Efforts to Protect Children Who Work (2002)

Provides information on: (1) how the number and characteristics of working children in the United States have changed over the past decade, (2) whether the number and characteristics of work-related injuries to children have changed over this same time period, and (3) how well Labor enforces the child labor provisions Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).

National Committee for Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention

Children and Agriculture: Opportunities for Safety and Health, A National Action Plan (1996)

A report detailing specific objectives, recommendations, and strategies to reduce the number of agricultural work injuries and deaths among children nationwide.